The Emerging Political Economy of the 21st Century: The New Rise of China, Neoliberalism, and Neocolonialism
In response to the main theme of the joint project, “Conflict, Justice, and Decolonization”, Subproject III focuses on the global emerging political economy in relation to the contemporary new rise of China.
From the aftermath of the Cold War era to the 21st century, in an era of global capitalism and neoliberal policy, China’s rapid rise has led to a restructuring of global political economy and the realignment of regional security in East and Southeast Asia. Behind this economic and political restructuring, there lies a complicated history of colonial struggles as well as complex identity conflicts. This development has produced an unequal power structure and engendered hidden injuries of neo-colonialism.
To engage with the complex political economic situation of the 21st century, Subproject III uses global comparative perspectives to study various dimensions and topics including cultural identity, capital, market economy, relations of production, Asian financial crisis, regional security, and theoretical discourse. In particular, we are concerned emerging regions including Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa, and South America.
In the first two years, we organized international conferences and symposiums, including “Belt and Road: Globalization of China’s Political Economy”, “Egalitarianism and Inequality”, and “Sinophobia in the Rise of China”. Through them, we had intellectual and case studies exchanges with scholars from Europe, Australia, South America, and Mainland China, so that we can reflect on the macro-theories, which are essential for future comparative analysis.
In the 3rd to 5th years, we will focus on the concrete comparative analysis. We will analysis East Asian issues resulted from the Rise of China in the framework of global comparative studies, stimulate more diverse knowledge production, so as to facilitate more international exchange.
Each subproject is answering part of the research problem of the joint project:
Subproject III “The Emerging Political Economy of the 21st Century: The New Rise of China, Neoliberalism, and Neocolonialism” is different from other research projects. Without a doubt, the rise of China has been an important phenomenon that is intimately linked with the situation in Taiwan and the globalized world and is in excess of the scope of any single research project. More importantly, this subproject points out that the existing academic understandings and interpretations of this contemporary crisis have been problematic and need to be scrutinized and reexamined. We propose two urgent inquiries regarding this crisis: one is the theoretical debate about neoliberalism, and the other is the deployment of the “One Belt One Road” policy and the worldview it represents. The first inquiry concerns the basic cultural model of China’s politico-economic system (the abstract operation that involves market economy, national hegemony, and neo-nationalism); the second one involves china’s globalized ruling practice. While existing academic debates stumble over disciplinary disputes and local analyses in the narrow sense, we have been emphasizing interdisciplinary and cross-regional research models to challenge conventional arguments and theoretical perspectives, in order to establish innovative thought structures and research methods. This subproject proceeds in two stages: the first stage focuses on examining the existing academic literature and research findings. The academic conferences we have organized, including “Egalitarianism and Inequality,” “Belt and Road: Globalization of China’s Political Economy,” “Neoliberalism in China,” and “Sinophobia in the Rise of China” aim at transcending the superficial interpretations provided by Western theories and the discussions regarding politics and policies, capitalism, and public discourses. This establishes the platform on which the concrete research projects are based on in the second stage. Research findings that result from this subproject will continue to be published according to the stages mentioned above.
*The Crisis of Identity Politics in the Rise of a New Greater China: Its Historical Formation and Future Possibilities—Allen Chun,Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University
*The Integration of Neoliberalism and Neocolonialism: The Morphological Analysis of China's Culture Go Out Policy—Yu-Hui Tai,Department of Communication & Technology, National Chiao Tung University
*Twenty-first Century Revival of Confucianism and the Restructuring of Political and Economic Security Systems in East and Southeast Asia—Joyce C.H. Liu,Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University
*China-Africa Relations and the Moral Politics of Geopolitical Imaginaries—Derek Sheridan, Institue of Ethnology, Academic Sinica
*Struggle of Memory and the Exit Phase of Revolutionary Regimes: A Comparative Analysis of Soviet Union, China, and Iran — Yuan-Horng Chu, Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University
*Memory As Is: Politics of Colonial Memories in Taiwan and South Korea Compared — Yoshihisa Amae, Graduate Institue of Taiwan Studies, Chang Jung Christian University