IICS

View count: 3357

The Politics of Memory and the Art of Governance: Inter-Asian Studies on State, Society, Ethnicity and History

The Politics of Memory and the Craft of Governance: Inter-Asian Studies on State, Society, Ethnicity and History
 
Convener:  Jui-Hua Chen
From the 19th century to the 20th century, many countries in Northeast and Southeast Asia had become modern nation-states.  These countries have gone through a series of historical processes: colonization, de-colonization, nation-building, civil wars, the Pacific War, the Cold War, as well as the globalization. These histories not only impacted on mass migration and displacement, that shaped a wide range of national identification and historical memories in different regions, but also culminated in ethnic conflicts and class differentiation that are internal to the contemporary societies.  Based on this understanding, the key research concern of this subproject focuses on the politics of memory and the crafts of governance in the modern nation-state. It specifically addresses the consciousness of survivor/remnant (yimin), experiences of wars, bio-power and governmentality, popularization of science education, political thoughts, cultural movements, literary debates, popular religions, as well as the establishment of national and local museums.  It also touches upon issues of politico-economic competition and national identification that have emerged at the moment when the local historical sites intend to be included on the World Heritage List.

The subproject is to fulfill the joint-project’s mission to re-evaluate history of conflicts and injustice. Under this theme, there are three sub-themes: (1) Literary debates and the politics of memory; (2) Cultural heritage and the politics of memory; and (3) Oral history and the politics of memory.


Through examinations on the actions launched by intellectuals, states, civil societies, historical groups, and individuals, we are exploring and investigating: How has the past been crystalized into cultural memory of contemporary society? What kinds of conflicts have been represented or covered in the process of digging up historical memories? What kinds of justice have been pursued through the different reconstitution projects of historic memories? How can the knowledge produced by these investigations contribute to decolonization?


Subproject I’s focus of the first two years is on “Literary debates and the politics of memory”. The research result is presented in the international conference “Literary Debates and the Politics of Memory: Toward an Inter-Asia Perspective” (organized in 2019). We are now editing the edited volume resulted from the conference. 


The edited volume will integrate the discussion on Nativist Literature (Xiantu Wenxue) Debate in postwar Taiwan, Debate on National (Kokumin) Literature in Japan, National and People’s (Minjok-Minjung) Literature Debate in Korea, and Debates of Malaysian Chinese / Sinophone (Mahua) Literature. Its contribution includes: (i) Formulating new perspectives on literary debates through inter-referencing several literary debates in East and Southeast Asia; (ii) Providing a new understanding of postwar East and Southeast Asia through the politics of memory in literary debates.


We will focus on “Cultural heritage and the politics of memory” in the 3rd and 4th years, “Oral history and the politics of memory” and the integration of all the sub-themes in the 5th year.

Each subproject is answering part of the research problem of the joint project:

Subproject I “The Politics of Memory and the Craft of Governance: Inter-Asian Studies on State, Society, Ethnicity and History” is to fulfill the joint-project’s mission to re-evaluate history of conflicts and injustice. There are three sub-themes under this theme, namely: (1) Literary debates, thought-trends, and the politics of memory; (2) Cultural heritage and the politics of memory; and (3) History of ethnicities and the politics of memory. Through examinations on the actions launched by intellectuals, states, civil societies, historical groups, and individuals, we are exploring and investigating: How has the past has been crystalized into cultural memory of contemporary society? What kinds of conflicts have been represented or covered in the process of digging up historical memories? What kinds of justice have been pursued through the different reconstitution projects of historic memories? How can the knowledge produced by these investigations contribute to decolonization? The research in the first stage aims at: (1) Formulating new perspectives on literary debates through inter-referencing several literary debates in East and Southeast Asia; and (2) Providing a new understanding of postwar East and Southeast Asia through the politics of memory in literary debates. Together with the research result of the other two sub-themes, we aim at further answering the characteristics of politics of memory in Taiwan and East Asia from inter-Asian perspectives.
      * Dis/Re-located people’s war experiences and the postwar politics of memory—Cho-Ying Li, Institute of History, National Tsing- Hua University

* Empire of Hygiene and the Popularization Movement of Science: From Late Qing to the Republic of China (1873-1945)—Yuehtsen Juliette Chung, Institute of History, National Tsing- Hua University

* Sinology and the Political Thoughts of Modern East Asia: Nationalism and the World Order—Hung-Yueh Lan, Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University

* Study Abroad in the Motherland: Taiwanese Literary Youths in the Left-wing Cultural Corridor (1920-1937)—Shu-Chin, Liu, Institute of Taiwan Literature, National Tsing- Hua University

* Narrating The 1970s: Literary Debates, Everyday Life, and Politics of Memory—Chih-Ming Wang, Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica

* Class That Matters: Colonial Economy, Empire Culture and the Critical Perspective of Taiwanese Nativist Literature—Elliott Shr-tzung Shie, Institute of Taiwan Literature, National Tsing- Hua University

* Cultural governance and the Politics of Memory in Heritagization of Popular religions— Ming-Chun, Gu, Institute of Sociology, National Tsing- Hua University


* Classifying Historical Memories: A Political-Economic Analysis of the World Heritage Application and the National Identity Construction in Southeast Asian Countries— Shaw-Herng Huang, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Chiao Tung University

* Cultural Politics in the Representation of Migration: A Comparative Study of Migration Museums in Different Countries in the Global World—Jui-Hua Chen, Institute of Sociology, National Tsing- Hua University



* The History Problem, Politics of Memory and Heritage-Making, and the Road Toward Reconciliation in Asia: Perspectives from the Peripheries of Empires—Desmond Hok-Man SHAM, IACS, National Chiao Tung University


* Here and Now at Malaya: Revisiting the 1948 Debate on the Uniqueness of Chinese Malayan literature—SHOW Ying Xin, Postdoctoral Researcher,
The Australian National University, School of Culture, History and Language, College of Asia and the Pacific


* On National Economics and the Essays of Park Hyun-chae: Using Nativist Literature Debate in Taiwan as a Referent Point—YEON Gwang Seok, Researcher, National Chiao Tung University Asia-Pacific Cultural Studies


* The Negative of an Era: A Study in Narratives by and about Chen Yingzhen—Yu-Wen SUNG, Department of Chinese Literature, National Central University

* The Associate of "Love" : Tongxingai and Socialism—Tsai Meng-Che, IACS, National Chiao Tung University